Introduction

INTRODUCTION

Komiza has a long and storied maritime past. From the ancient unrecorded traders who sailed throughout the Adriatic, the ancient Greeks sailing into the Adriatic over 2000 years ago, to the days of the Roman Empire, to the Venetian traders and their control of the people of Dalmatia, and the Hapsburg Dynasty domination of the people. The people of Komiza have earned their living and fortunes working on the sea, some as merchant seamen, some as fishermen, some in the service of various naval powers, and some perhaps in the pursuit of piracy (more about that in the third book about Komiza.)

Major naval battles of the area that are chronicled in all naval histories include: The Battle of Lepanto in 1571(Turks vs. Christian Europe,) the Battle of Lissa in 1811(British vs. French,) and the second Battle of Lissa in 1866 (Austrians vs. Italians). All three of these naval battles were of great historic significance. There were many other less significant naval battles in the area involving: Queen Teuta, Venice, Genoa, Turkey, Rome, Italian City States, Saracens, Pirates of Senj, and the Pope and his navies.

The naval battles of World War II in and around Komiza, seemed to have been ignored, perhaps due to political sensitivity. Some people find the word �Communist� abhorrent. The word �Yugoslavia� brings back some very sad memories. The mention of the name �Tito� also raises some angst among many people. Some other people do not feel a negative connotation in these words. Nevertheless Komiza�s position in the war should not be ignored or slighted. It is very important.

The battles in and around Komiza, their influence on the Italian campaign, the many wars within Yugoslavia, and the Balkans, and the ultimate defeat of the Fascists cannot be ignored. The other overriding situation is the suffering of all of the people of Komiza during Word War II.

I try to present the facts as they present themselves through historical writings and personal remembrances to the people of the world, without trying to glorify or demonize any person, political feeling, or religious, ethnic, or cultural groups. If I offend anyone I am sorry. Any errors, omissions, perceived biases, misinterpretations or other sins are of my own making and I accept full responsibility.